Behistun Rock is one of the keys to finding the Lost Tribes. The crux is knowing the names used to identify those people. With the trilingual inscription of Behistun Rock we discover what three other cultures called the Ten Tribes. And it wasn't Israelites.
Behistun Rock is found in the Zargos mountains, in northwestern Iran, on an old caravan road that runs from Babylon to Ecbatana, the ancient capitol of Media. The mountain is 1700 feet high and on the sheer face, 300 feet above the base is a huge bas relief commissioned by Darius the Great in 515 BC as a grandiose Ode to his great accomplishments. Listed are the nations and peoples he conquered and ruled as the king of the Medo-Persian empire.
The picture is accompanied by many large panels which are inscribed with three languages. The size of the whole monument is larger than half a football field; 100 feet high, 150 feet wide. One example of the quality of workmanship that went into the monument is the preparation of the sufaces. Where loose rocks and cracks were found, hot lead was added as a stabilizer or fill. At 300 plus feet! !
Sir Henry C. Rawlinson, shown working on a ladder in the sketch below, is mainly responsible for the decipherment of the inscriptions. It's interesting that Rawlison accomplished the feat of scaling the rock face while copying the inscriptions, and in 1840 deciphering the texts, all by the age of thirty!
The text contains many references that link Darius' subjects with the Israelites. The name "Kana", which is Canaan, appears 28 times. We also have a man named "Sarocus the Sacan who wears a hebrew hat. Included in the nations listed is the Sakka. The term Sakka in Persian and Elamite becomes Gimri in Babylonian. Let me add here that Assyrian and Babylonian are virtually the same. We'll be hearing a lot more from the Gimri when we look at the Assyrian Tablets evidence.
In the picture we see King Darius facing nine captives, which are secured
by the neck with a rope. A tenth is under the King's foot. Each of these men is differently dressed.
Across the bottom and up one side are many panels containing the story of Darius' conquests. There is also a large section of supplementary text.
The Behistun Rock inscriptions are confirmed in two other places: Darius' tomb, and a gold tablet. The gold tablet again mentions the conquering of the Sakka, while the tomb inscription expands the evidence by talking about three different kinds of Sakka. In all cases, the same name in Babylonian was Gimri.
I'll skip ahead a bit to tell you that the Sakka comes from Isaac and becomes Saxon. Gimri comes from Khumri(out of the Biblical name Omri) and goes through Gimmira and the Greek Kimmerioi to Cimmerian.
We'll find that almost all those names we learned in European history are traceable to the Sakka, Gimri and Scythians.
This is a drawing and diagram of the bas relief of King Darius facing the ten captives, nine of which are secured by the neck with a rope. The tenth is under the King's foot. Across the bottom and up one side are many panels containing the story of Darius' conguests over these differently dressed men. The account is written in three languages: Persian, Babylonian, and Elamite
Here are a couple photos I found on the web:
This is a photgraph taken from up on the face of Behiston Rock showing the King facing the prisoners.
This is the long view.
I like this artist's rendering of what the Rock mght have looked like in ancient times. Notice that the relief could be seen from the city.
It's interesting that Darius was putting down insurrection among the Israelites, while he was assisting the Jews in rebuilding the Temple. Just the reverse happened a centruy earlier. Some mercenaries from the House of Israel came and helped Nebuchadnezzor in the siege of Jerusalem. Archeologists have found the typical three sided arrow heads used by Israel in a city gate they uncovered.
Return to Lost Tribes Subject List.
I love mail.